A home is a place where we usually feel safe, find peace, and relax to our heart’s content. So if you plan to build your own home or buy a new one, the first essential thing to do after its completion is to inspect it thoroughly. And here is the catch, construction defects are very common, to the point that it can be considered as a regular consequence of building a house. But do not be discouraged because if you know how to spot major and minor defects in residential home construction, then the problem can be remedied before you move in.
Residential Home Construction Defects: Defined and Categorized
Before plunging into the essential keynotes on how to spot major and minor defects in residential home construction, you should know first the basics. In general, construction defects are the omissions and mistakes either to the design, material, or workmanship which are inconsistent to the contract. It is mainly categorized into two types, which are the patent and latent deficiency.
Patent deficiency refers to the errors in residential home construction, which are surface level and can be easily discovered by the naked eye. These are the obvious mistakes such as cracks on the walls, leaks in the plumbing, or protruding nail heads on the floors or ceilings. On the other hand, a latent deficiency is more of a problem since it is the opposite of a patent deficiency. Hence, it cannot be discovered easily since it is not visible. One example of a latent deficiency is the problems that concerns the foundation of the house. Normally, this will only become visible after you have already settled in your house for a long time. However, be it a patent or latent deficiency, a major or minor defect, all of it can be repaired once a professional is hired.
Plan your Inspection and Prepare a Checklist
It is very important for you to spot the major and minor defects of your residential home construction after its completion for your builders to repair them before you move in. Bear in mind that this task is an essential step in the construction process to ensure your safety while occupying the house. Although residential home inspection can be a bit tiring and stressful, planning ahead and preparing a checklist are two helpful strategies to lessen this dreary chore.
One of the most important things to do in planning is to prepare for your checklist. This will include all the nooks and crannies of your house that you will inspect. This may involve checking from the smallest details of your home, such as the proper installation of carpets, to a more complex detail like checking the electrical system. Just remember that you will only spot the defects in residential home construction if you are meticulous and patient.
It is also advisable to inspect room by room. Therefore, it will be much easier for you to prepare a room by room checklist. Bear in mind that you have to include the functionality of the doors and windows in each and every room. Open and close them fully to check if the hinges work smoothly, check their edges, if they fit snugly, and test their lock. In addition to this, including the flooring and ceiling inspection. Spot for defects such as jutted nail heads, cracks, dents, and chips. You also have to look for the defects in the wall, such as inconsistent paints and varnish and visible seams.
However, in the case of the kitchen and bathrooms, you must take special care in checking the plumbing. Turn the faucets on and off, run each fixture, and check for leaks. In bathrooms, check the toilet if they are flushing perfectly and see the base of the bowl if there are any leaks. If you have a bathtub, put the stopper on and fill it with water. See if the water does not drain. Aside from plumbing, in the case of kitchen inspection, see the countertop for any scratches and abrasions, pull out all the drawers of the cabinet, and check their doors to see if the hinges are right.
Another thing to include in your checklist to ensure that you will spot the defects of your residential home construction is its electrical system. This includes the simple turning on and off of each and every light in the rooms, the heater and air conditioning system, and every other installed appliance in your house. Also, make sure that all electrical outlets are working.
Familiarize yourself with How your House Works
The last keynote for you to remember and put in your list in order for you to spot several defects in your own residential home construction is to familiarize yourself with how your house works. This includes knowing how to operate the installed appliances and furniture in your home. Take, for example, space-saving houses, which is one of the trends today. There are built in tables and chairs that may need a builder’s advice on how to use it.
This way, you can easily check their efficiency and functionality. It is a must that once you moved in with your family, you know how everything works, and you will no longer be a stranger in your own home.
Always keep in mind that defects in residential home construction can be easily fixed if spotted early. Defective appliances and furniture may be replaced immediately. The earlier the defects are spotted, the easier for them to be corrected. You only need to be meticulous. Do not feel pressured to have a head-on argument with the builders and contractors when inspecting. Remember that you have spent money, time, and energy for your house to be a home. And most registered and professional builders, as well as contractors, often accept the minor changes you may want to do or fix the defects you have identified. So take your time while doing your walkthrough in your soon to be a house. Ensure that there are no rocks left unturned. Do this, and you will definitely spot major and minor defects in your residential home construction.